Open fires or campfires, including fire containing devices, whether on public or private property within St. Albert, are not permitted unless approved by the Fire Chief or their designate.
Requirements for the Installation and Use
- Submit a completed application form along with a design drawing of the proposed installation and placement of the device. Please note the drawing must be on an 8.5" x 11" sheet of paper and include all pertinent information.
- Obtain the written approval of the Fire Chief or their designate before the use of a fire containing device.
Conditions that must be satisfied
Listed distances apply for both horizontal and vertical directions.
- Public Property - No fire is allowed on public property except in a pit or container that has been approved by the Fire Department for such use.
- Private Residential Yards - Fire containing devices can only be approved for fires if they are situated in the backyard only. Front and side yard installation and use are not permitted. The devices must be:
- No less than three metres (10 feet) from all property lines.
- No less than three metres (10 feet) from any structure (including but not limited to: fences, decks, garages, sheds, houses, or any other permanently installed or hard to move structures, such as benches or play stations).
- No less than three metres (10 feet) from any vegetation, such as trees or shrubbery.
All seating around fire containing devices must be easily movable and constructed of materials that do not readily catch fire or burn.
Construction and design
Many stores in the region sell fire pits measuring 27 inches in diameter. These fire pits are not acceptable for use within the city.
All fire containing devices must be constructed and designed as follows:
- The base must consist of gravel or concrete. It must be no less than 10 centimetres (four inches) greater in size than the outside diameter or measurement of the fire containing device.
- The fire must be enclosed in a rock, concrete block, cured or fired ceramic/clay, or metal fire container no greater than 61 centimetres (24 inches) inside diameter or measurement and no less than 45 centimetres (18 inches) in height.
- All openings in the fire containing device must be covered with a metal spark arrestor with a maximum hole size of 0.70 centimetres (0.25 inches).
Public or private fire containing devices may only be used for:
- Cooking of food for human consumption
- The fire must be attended at all times by an adult who is competent to supervise it.
- A material capable of extinguishing the fire must be located no further than 2 metres (6.5 feet) from the fire containing device. Acceptable extinguishing capability would consist of a container of water or sand of not less than 20 litres (5 gallons), or a garden hose connected to a reliable water outlet.
- Only clean, dry wood is to be used for fuel.
You cannot burn the following materials in the fire containing device:
- Garbage or painted wood.
- Yard or garden refuse such as tree trimmings, leaves and grass.
- Construction materials.
- Any material made of or containing rubber, plastic or tar.
Even if the fire containing device is approved, Fire Services may require a fire to be extinguished if, in their sole opinion, the fire creates a hazard for reasons including but not limited to:
- the fire not being tended properly;
- the fire or smoke coming from the fire creating a nuisance for other property owners; or
- the fire is creating a risk of spreading outside of its approved container.
Additional information can be found in the Fire Services Bylaw 21/2002.
Last edited: November 27, 2019